Course date

1 July - 12 July, 1996
Application deadline
15 February, 1996
Course Director(s): 

István Rév

Open Society Archives, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary

Alfred Rieber

Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
Course Faculty: 

Andrea Peto

Gender Studies, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary

In this four-week course, participants will take part in a collective work which will make use of different approaches, methods and perspectives. The scholars will discuss some important works collectively in seminars, conduct research in the Archives, and have lunch together while discussing their work.

Following the four-week program, participants will continue working at their home institutions and in archives in their home countries.

We will include the following in our study:
  • The unexpected individualization that characterized the supposedly collectivist regime.
  • The way in which problems were consciously created in order to legitimize the constant intervention by the center.
  • How reforms were built in, used, exploited, and incorporated in the structure of the economy and the sphere of politics.
  • How counter-reforms were integral parts of the reforms (in fact, reforms cannot be understood without counter-reforms).
  • How and by what means memory and counter-memory of the pre-Communist past, and of earlier periods of the history of Communism, were created and "kept alive".
  • How one can identify the thin borderline between resistance and collaboration.
  • What role the Western perception of Communism played in the actions of the regimes, and in the perceptions of the people living under Communism.
  • How much Western propaganda influenced the actions of the people of Central and Eastern Europe.
  • How effective was ( especially in the light of the afterlife of Communism) political, ideological and cultural indoctrination.